What Should You Not Feed Squirrels?

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what should you not feed squirrels?


Feeding squirrels can be a delightful and rewarding experience. These small, agile creatures bring a sense of wonder and liveliness to our surroundings. But, it is imperative to understand what not to feed them to ensure their well-being and avoid any potential harm. In this article, we will explore the importance of knowing what not to feed squirrels and the reasons behind it.

Feeding animals, including squirrels, is an act of kindness and compassion. It allows us to connect with nature and contribute to the ecosystem. Nonetheless, not all food items are suitable for our furry friends. Feeding them the wrong food can lead to various health issues, disrupt their natural diet, and even be fatal in some cases.

By understanding what not to feed squirrels, we can protect them from harm and foster a healthy environment. It is not just about avoiding certain food types; it is about being mindful of their dietary needs and providing them with the appropriate nourishment. So, let’s delve into the world of squirrel nutrition and learn how to be responsible squirrel feeders!

Why is it important to know what not to feed squirrels?

Feeding improper food to squirrels can have serious consequences for their health and well-being. Squirrels have specific dietary requirements, and feeding them the wrong food can disrupt their natural diet and lead to nutritional deficiencies. Additionally, some food items can be toxic or harmful to squirrels, causing digestive issues, organ damage, or even death.

Imagine if you were given food that was not suitable for your body. You would experience discomfort, digestive problems, and overall poor health. The same goes for squirrels. Feeding them foods that are high in sugars, salts, or fats can lead to obesity, dental issues, and even heart problems.

Feeding squirrels the wrong food can have negative consequences for their behavior and natural instincts. When squirrels become reliant on human-provided food, they may lose their ability to forage for natural food sources. This can disrupt their natural behaviors, such as caching and storing food for the winter.

In addition to the physical and behavioral consequences, feeding improper food to squirrels can also have wider ecological impacts. When squirrels consume foods that are not part of their natural diet, they may compete with other wildlife for limited resources. This can disrupt the balance of the ecosystem and impact the survival of other species.

Knowing what not to feed squirrels is crucial for their health, well-being, and the overall ecosystem. By understanding their dietary needs and providing them with appropriate nourishment, we can ensure the well-being of these adorable creatures and contribute to a harmonious coexistence with nature.

Foods to avoid feeding squirrels

There are several common foods that should be avoided when feeding squirrels. One of the main offenders is processed foods. These foods are typically high in unhealthy additives and preservatives, which can be harmful to squirrels’ digestive systems. Feeding them processed foods can lead to gastrointestinal issues, such as diarrhea and stomach upset.

Another type of food to avoid feeding squirrels is sugary foods. While squirrels may be attracted to the sweet taste, consuming too much sugar can have negative effects on their health. Just like humans, squirrels can develop tooth decay and weight gain from a diet high in sugar. It can also lead to an increased risk of diabetes and other metabolic disorders.

Salty foods should also be kept away from squirrels. Excessive salt intake can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalances in these small animals. It can put a strain on their kidneys and lead to urinary issues. Additionally, squirrels do not have a high tolerance for salt, so even a small amount can have detrimental effects on their health.

High-fat foods are another category of food that should not be fed to squirrels. While fat is an essential nutrient for their diet, consuming too much can lead to obesity and related health problems. Squirrels in the wild have a natural diet that is relatively low in fat, so they are not adapted to handle high-fat foods. Such foods can also lead to heart disease and other cardiovascular issues.

Finally, there are several toxic foods that can be harmful or even fatal to squirrels. These include chocolate, caffeine, alcohol, onions, and grapes. These foods contain substances that are toxic to squirrels’ systems and can cause severe illness or death. It is important to keep these foods out of reach of squirrels to prevent accidental ingestion.

By avoiding these foods and providing a diet that consists of their natural foods, such as nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables, we can ensure the health and well-being of squirrels. It is our responsibility to protect these furry creatures and provide them with the nutrition they need to thrive.

1. Processed Foods

Processed foods are extremely harmful to squirrels and should be avoided at all costs. These foods are highly processed and contain a multitude of artificial additives, preservatives, and chemicals that can be detrimental to the health of squirrels. Just like humans, squirrels need a diet that is filled with natural and whole foods to thrive.

When squirrels consume processed foods, their bodies struggle to digest and absorb the nutrients. This can lead to various digestive issues such as bloating, constipation, and diarrhea. Additionally, processed foods lack the essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that squirrels need to maintain their overall well-being.

Processed foods often have high levels of salt, sugar, and unhealthy fats. These ingredients can have negative effects on squirrels’ health. Excessive salt intake can cause dehydration, kidney problems, and high blood pressure in squirrels. Similarly, the consumption of sugary foods can lead to tooth decay, obesity, and diabetes in squirrels. As for unhealthy fats, squirrels have a low tolerance for them and are not adapted to handle high-fat foods. Such foods can also lead to heart disease and other cardiovascular issues.

In order to ensure the health and longevity of squirrels, it is crucial to avoid feeding them processed foods. Instead, opt for natural and unprocessed alternatives such as nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables. These foods provide squirrels with the necessary nutrients they require and promote their overall well-being. By making informed choices about their diet, we can contribute to the positive health outcomes of squirrels and help them lead a happy and healthy life.

2. Sugary Foods

Feeding sugary foods to squirrels can have negative effects on their health. Just like in humans, excessive consumption of sugar can lead to various health issues in squirrels. One of the main concerns is tooth decay. Sugar can cause dental problems in squirrels, leading to cavities and tooth loss. This can be extremely painful for the squirrels and affect their ability to eat properly.

Sugary foods can contribute to obesity in squirrels. Squirrels are naturally active animals, constantly foraging for food and engaging in physical activity. However, when they consume sugary foods, their energy levels can become imbalanced. The excess sugar in their diet can lead to weight gain and an increased risk of obesity. This can have long-term consequences for their overall health and well-being.

In addition to tooth decay and obesity, feeding squirrels sugary foods can also increase their risk of developing diabetes. Just like humans, squirrels can develop diabetes when their blood sugar levels become too high and their bodies are unable to properly regulate it. This can lead to a range of health issues, including organ damage and reduced lifespan.

To ensure the well-being of squirrels, it is important to avoid feeding them sugary foods. Instead, focus on providing them with natural and nutritious options. Nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables are all excellent choices that can fulfill their dietary needs without the negative impacts of sugary foods. By making conscious decisions about what we feed squirrels, we can help them maintain a healthy lifestyle and prevent the onset of preventable health problems.

3. Salty Foods

While it may be tempting to share some of our favorite salty snacks with squirrels, it is important to resist the urge. Salty foods can be extremely harmful to squirrels and should be avoided at all costs. Just like humans, squirrels need to maintain a delicate balance of electrolytes in their bodies. Consuming excessive amounts of salt can disrupt this balance and lead to serious health consequences.

Excess salt can cause dehydration in squirrels, as it draws water out of their bodies. This can result in decreased energy levels, sluggishness, and even kidney damage. Additionally, high sodium levels can lead to an increase in blood pressure, putting stress on the squirrel’s cardiovascular system. Over time, this can contribute to heart disease and other cardiovascular issues.

The high salt content in these foods can also be addictive to squirrels, causing them to constantly seek out salty snacks. This can lead to a poor diet overall, as they may neglect other important nutritional needs in favor of satisfying their salt cravings. It is our responsibility as caretakers to provide squirrels with a balanced and healthy diet to ensure their well-being.

Instead of salty foods, opt for natural and nutritious options when feeding squirrels. Fresh fruits and vegetables, such as apples, carrots, and leafy greens, are excellent choices that provide essential vitamins and minerals without the harmful effects of salt. Nuts and seeds are also a great option, as they offer protein and healthy fats that squirrels need for energy.

By avoiding salty foods and providing squirrels with the right balance of nutrients, we can contribute to their overall health and well-being. Let’s keep these adorable creatures safe and happy by making informed choices about what we feed them.

4. High-Fat Foods

While high-fat foods may be delicious for humans, they are not suitable for squirrels. Squirrels have a different metabolism than humans, and their bodies are not designed to handle high levels of fat. Feeding squirrels high-fat foods can lead to a variety of health issues and can negatively impact their overall well-being.

When squirrels consume high-fat foods, such as fatty meats, fried foods, or fatty dairy products, it can result in weight gain and obesity. Similar to humans, excess weight can put strain on a squirrel’s joints and organs, leading to a decreased quality of life and potential health problems.

In addition to weight gain, high-fat foods can also contribute to heart disease and other cardiovascular issues in squirrels. The high levels of saturated and trans fats found in these foods can clog the arteries and increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes.

High-fat foods can disrupt the natural balance of a squirrel’s digestive system. Squirrels have a delicate gut flora that helps break down and digest their food. When high-fat foods are introduced into their diet, it can cause digestive upset, including diarrhea and bloating.

It is important to remember that squirrels in the wild have a diverse diet that consists primarily of nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables. These natural foods provide the necessary nutrients for squirrels to thrive. By avoiding high-fat foods and sticking to a more natural diet, we can help ensure the health and well-being of these adorable creatures.

5. Toxic Foods

In addition to processed, sugary, and salty foods, there are also certain toxic foods that can be extremely harmful or even fatal to squirrels. These foods should never be fed to squirrels under any circumstances.

One such toxic food is chocolate. While we humans may find chocolate to be a delightful treat, it contains theobromine, a substance that is highly toxic to squirrels. Ingesting chocolate can lead to symptoms such as restlessness, increased heart rate, muscle tremors, and even seizures in squirrels. It is crucial to keep all chocolate products out of reach of squirrels to prevent accidental ingestion.

Another toxic food for squirrels is caffeine. Beverages like coffee and tea, as well as foods and drinks containing caffeine, should never be given to squirrels. Caffeine can cause increased heart rate, tremors, and even cardiac arrest in squirrels. It is essential to provide them with caffeine-free alternatives.

Onions and garlic are also toxic to squirrels. These common ingredients in many human dishes contain a compound called thiosulfate, which can damage a squirrel’s red blood cells and lead to anemia. It is vital to avoid feeding squirrels any food that contains onions or garlic, including onion and garlic powder.

Avocados are another toxic food for squirrels. Avocados contain a substance called persin, which can cause respiratory distress, fluid accumulation around the heart, and even death in squirrels. It is best to keep avocados away from squirrels and not include them in their diet.

To ensure the safety and well-being of squirrels, it is crucial to be aware of these toxic foods and prevent their consumption. By providing a safe and suitable diet, we can help protect these playful creatures from harm.

What should you feed squirrels instead?

Instead of feeding squirrels harmful foods, there are plenty of alternative options that are safe and healthy for them. One option is to provide a variety of fresh fruits and vegetables. Squirrels enjoy a wide range of fruits such as apples, bananas, berries, and melons. These fruits are not only delicious but also rich in vitamins and antioxidants, which can contribute to the squirrels’ overall health.

Another great choice is to offer nuts and seeds. Squirrels are natural foragers and love to nibble on nuts like almonds, walnuts, and peanuts. These nuts are packed with essential nutrients like protein and healthy fats, which provide energy and promote strong immune systems in squirrels.

You can provide squirrels with whole grains. Offer them small amounts of oats, barley, or whole wheat bread. These grains are a great source of fiber and can help regulate the squirrels’ digestion.

You can supplement their diet with protein-rich foods like cooked eggs or tofu. These options provide the necessary amino acids for the squirrels’ muscle development and growth.

Don’t forget to keep fresh water available for squirrels at all times. Hydration is essential for their well-being, especially during hot summer months.

By offering these alternative food options, you not only ensure the squirrels’ health and happiness but also create an opportunity to observe their natural behaviors and enjoy their playful antics.


Knowing what not to feed squirrels is of utmost importance for their well-being. Feeding them improper food can lead to serious harm and even death. By understanding the potential dangers of certain foods, we can ensure that squirrels receive the nutrients they need without risking their health.

Providing squirrels with appropriate food options is not only beneficial for their physical health but also allows us to observe their natural behaviors and enjoy their presence. By offering a variety of nuts, seeds, fruits, and vegetables, we can support their nutritional needs and contribute to their overall happiness.

Avoiding processed foods, sugary foods, salty foods, high-fat foods, and toxic foods is key to promoting the squirrels’ well-being. These foods can have negative effects on their digestive system, metabolism, and overall health. By being mindful of the foods we offer, we can help squirrels thrive in their natural habitat.

Remember, squirrels are resourceful creatures that can find food on their own. By providing them with appropriate food options, we enhance their survival skills and maintain a healthy balance in their ecosystem. So let’s take the time to learn about what not to feed squirrels and make a positive impact on their lives.